Munk, Andrzej

(1920-1961)
   One of the leading directors of the Polish School generation, usually considered by critics as the leading exponent of its "rationalistic" tendency. After completing the Łódź Film School in 1950, Munk began his career with a series of documentary films. Some of them, such as A Railwayman's Word (Kolejarskie słowo, 1953) and The Stars Must Blaze (Gwiazdy muszą płonąć, 1954), moved beyond the constraints of socialist realist cinema and contained the elements of Munk's mature style. Following his feature debut, the war adventure film The Blue Cross (Błękitny krzyz, 1955), Munk directed his breakthrough film, Man on the Track (Człowiek na torze, 1957). The film tells the story of a retired train engineer, Orzechowski (Kazimierz Opaliński), who dies under mysterious circumstances while attempting to stop a train and whose death saves the passengers of the train. The film opens in the manner of Citizen Kane and Rashomon by introducing the mystery. The rest of the film becomes a search for (unattainable) truth—for the psychological portrait of the old man and the motivations behind his actions amid suspicion of sabotage. Munk's next film, Eroica (1958), also based on Jerzy Stefan Stawinski's script, is one of the most important works of the Polish School. It offers a tragic-grotesque depiction of a different, everyday face of Polish heroism, stripped of romantic myths.
   Munk's subsequent film, Bad Luck (aka Cockeyed Luck, Zezowate szczęście, 1960), scripted by Stawiński as well, belongs to the same tradition. Set between the 1930s and the 1950s, it introduces Jan Pisz-czyk (Bogumił Kobiela), a Polish everyman who desperately wants to play an important role in the course of events, yet with no luck on his side he becomes another victim of history. The Holocaust motif is present in Munk's incomplete The Passenger (Pasazerka), based on Zofia Posmysz's novel. At the center of the film is the relationship between the oppressor at Auschwitz (an SS woman, Liza, played by Aleksandra Śląska) and the oppressed (a Polish inmate, Marta, played by Anna Ciepielewska). Years after, a chance meeting between the two on a luxury liner brings back memories of the suppressed past.
   Munk was killed in 1961 in a car accident while returning from the set of The Passenger. The film, finished by Witold Lesiewicz, premiered on the second anniversary of Munk's death, 20 September 1963.
   Historical Dictionary of Polish Cinema by Marek Haltof

Guide to cinema. . 2011.

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  • Munk, Andrzej — • МУНК (Munk) Анджей (16.10.1921 21.9.1961)    польск. режиссёр. Учился в Инженерно строит. академии и Варшавском ун те. Окончив операт. и реж. ф ты Высш. школы т ра и кино в Лодзи (1950), работал для кинохроники. Как сценарист и режиссёр снимал… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Andrzej Munk — (* 16. Oktober 1921 in Krakau, Polen; † 20. September 1961 in Łowicz, Polen) war ein polnischer Regisseur und Kameramann. Leben Munk wurde in Krakau geboren und beendete kurz vor dem Ausbruch des Zweiten Weltkrieges …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MUNK (A.) — MUNK ANDRZEJ (1921 1961) L’un des trois cinéastes les plus importants de l’école polonaise d’après guerre avec Wajda et Kawalerowicz. La guerre ayant contrarié sa vocation d’ingénieur, Andrzej Munk devient militant socialiste dans la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Andrzej Munk — Données clés Naissance 16 octobre 1920 Cracovie (Pologne) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Munk — is a Germanic surname meaning monk that may also be spelt Munch. Munk may refer to: Andrzej Munk (1920 1961), Polish film director Eduard Munk (1803 1871), German philologist Hermann Munk (1839 1912), German physiologist Jens Munk (1579 1628),… …   Wikipedia

  • Munk — steht für: eine Bezeichnung für Murmeltiere den Familiennamen folgender Personen: Andrzej Munk (1921–1961), polnischer Regisseur und Kameramann Britta Munk, ein Pseudonym des dänischen Autors Bengt Janus Nielsen (1921–1988) Hermann Munk… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrzej Munk — Infobox Person name=Andrzej Munk caption= dead=dead birth date=birth date|1920|10|16|mf=y birth place=Kraków, Poland death date=death date and age|1961|9|20|1920|10|16|mf=y death place=near Łowicz, PolandAndrzej Munk (October 16, 1920… …   Wikipedia

  • Munk — Mụnk,   1) Andrzej, polnischer Filmregisseur, * Krakau 16. 10. 1921, ✝ (Autounfall) zwischen Łowicz und Sochaczew 20. 9. 1961; drehte zunächst Dokumentarfilme, ab 1956 v. a. Spielfilme mit kritischem Ansatz und formalem Einfallsreichtum.   Filme …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Człowiek na torze — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Der Mann auf den Schienen Originaltitel: Człowiek na torze Produktionsland: Polen Erscheinungsjahr: 1957 Länge: 80 Minuten Originalsprache: Polnisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Polnische Filmgeschichte — Dieser Artikel wurde aufgrund von inhaltlichen Mängeln auf der Qualitätssicherungsseite der Redaktion:Film und Fernsehen eingetragen. Dies geschieht, um die Qualität der Artikel aus dem Themengebiet Film und Fernsehen auf ein akzeptables Niveau… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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